What Do We Test?When you or your child come in for an eye examination, we will take an in depth look into the visual process. This includes measuring sight on a chart, looking at eye health and investigating visual focusing and co-ordination skills. This is step 1.
We can also suggest a second appointment to take a further look at Visual Processing Skills, Step 2.
Step 3, if required is Vision & Sensory Connect Therapy.
STEP ONEEye Chart
The first step is identifying how well the eye can see on a chart and checking the prescription. This involves an assessment for longsighteness (Hyperopia), shortsightedness (Myopia) or Astigmatism.
Next we have a thorough assessment of eye health. Lynbrook Vision Centre takes pride in making sure that all eye examinations include a complete look at the front, called the external eye exam and the back, the internal eye exam. We have extensive knowledge and equipment to diagnose and treat eye conditions for the entire family.
Focusing and Co-ordination
Focusing the eyes involves using the lenses inside the eye efficiently. Co-ordinating the eyes affects the efficiency of how the eyes work together as a team. This plays an important role in maintaining visual comfort throughout the day and avoiding visual stress.
STEP TWOSpatial Awareness Skills
Visual spatial skills are important for the development of good motor co-ordination and directional senses. Laterality is an internal, self-awareness that we have two body sides the right and left. Directionality is when a person can apply left and right concepts to their external space. After a certain age, knowing our right and left sides of the body and where we are in relation to other things is not something that we have to think a lot about. It should be something that comes automatically. Visual spatial skills also play a role in handwriting, learning to read and following directions on a map.
Visual Analysis Skills
These skills allow us to analyse and discriminate between visually presented information. Early in life a child uses visual analysis skills to recognise familiar faces and toys. Later he or she will develop the ability to analyse more abstract shapes like letters and numbers.
Visual discrimination helps us tell the difference between objects by analysing its distinctive features including its size, shape and colour. These skills also help us tell the difference between the words "was" and "saw".
Our visual memory skills are important to help us remember what we have seen.
Visual closure is the ability to visualize a complete whole when given incomplete information. It helps us understand things quickly, so we can determine what something is, before we get the complete picture. When we are reading, these skills help us recognize sight words.
Figure ground is the ability to attend to a feature of something while shutting out the irrelevant background. This is especially helpful if we are presented with a whole lot of information at the one time as we can quickly and easily pick out the bits relevant to us.
Visual Analysis Skills build up more easily if we have a good Visual Spatial Skills, however, it is also important to understand that the brain will be good at what it practices.
Spending time reading to your child from a young age, so that they learn to associate the 3D objects in our real word with the 2D object in books. Let them scan the pictures while you explain it to them, explain things like the colour of the ball and its shape for example. This will build language skills and also eye tracking skills while they practice scanning the page for pictures. Eventually they will learn that the print on the page stands for funny symbols called letters, which actually code language. They will be able to start memorizing the story with time and then associate the memory of the story with their visual memory of the words on the page.
First they will be able to learn to read and then eventually, read to learn.
Children with poor visual analysis skills can have difficulty learning the alphabet, trouble with maths concepts, confusion with similar words or difficulty spelling.
Visual Motor Co-ordination
Visual motor co-ordiantion can be separated into eye movement co-ordination and eye hand co-ordination.
Eye hand co-ordination skills are used when catching a ball, playing sport, handwriting, using scissors and even tying up your shoe laces and putting on clothes. This requires good hand co-ordination and strength.
Eye movement co-ordination is related to how well a person can team and aim the eyes. We can assess this skill by looking at how well a person can follow a moving object or read along a line of text. These skills are particularly relevant for reading, as reading is a task which requires the eyes to make a number of small rapid movements.